Volume 6 Issue 4 ( December 2019 )

Pages 267-274

Electrochemical Characterization, Structural Evolution, and Thermal Stability of LiVOPO4 over Multiple Lithium Intercalations

Akinobu Nojima, Atsushi Sano, Hiroki Kitamura, Shigeto Okada


α1-LiVOPO4, β-LiVOPO4, and α-LiVOPO4 are known as multiple lithium intercalation cathode materials. They were characterized by means of half-cell performance, operando X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The operando XRD revealed differences in crystal structure evolution during charging/ discharging among the three crystal phases. Although the charge/discharge profiles and the crystal structure evolution behaviors were the same among the three crystal phases in the range of 3.5 - 4.5 V, the profiles and behaviors differed completely in the range of 1.0 - 3.5 V. The thermal stability of each phase of LiVOPO4 is similar to that of LiFePO4 in the fully charged state from the results of the DSC profiles.

Keywords: evergreen; Lithium ion battery, Cathode material, LiVOPO4