Volume 7 Issue 2 (June 2020)

Pages 275-279

Fatty Acid Methyl Ester Synthesis in the Cold Plasma Reactor using CO2 and Steam Mixture

Shafira Nabilla, Sesia Fitri Anisa, Kania Zara, Setijo Bismo


The synthesis of FAME (biodiesel) and alkanes (C10 – C20) compounds from vegetable oil and methanol in non-thermal plasma DBD reactor was performed with satisfactory results. This mainly because catalyst was not needed, relatively low energy requirement, and the absence of glycerol by-products. In addition, maximum yield of methyl ester (88.97%) was attained at an optimal reaction condition of 40 °C temperature, 1:1 molar ratio for oil to methanol, 10.2 kV plasma voltage, and a time frame of 120 minutes.

Keywords: biodiesel; dielectric barrier discharge reactor; non-thermal plasma