Volume 8 Issue 3 ( September 2021 )


Kosovo Scenario for Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Municipal Waste Management

Afrim Berisha, Lavdim Osmanaj


Solid Waste Management activities have a direct impact on GHG emissions arising from waste. Aim of this study is to calculate emissions from current municipal solid waste management in Kosovo and propose different scenarios for mitigation of GHG emissions from waste management. The IPCC model and SWM-GHG Calculator were used for the calculation of GHG emissions from different waste management options. The most favorable mitigation scenario was the Scenario 3, which considered an advanced solid waste management system. Having in the consideration the current situation, needs for the future, technical infrastructure and financial cost, the most realistic scenario for Kosovo was improved recycling and disposal of waste to sanitary landfill. The assessment presented in this paper is based on data for the year 2016.

Keywords: GHG emissions; municipal solid waste; landfill; mitigation; scenarios; Kosovo.