Volume 10 Issue 1 ( March 2023 )


Assessing the Technical and Environmental Potential of Coconut Shell Biomass: Experimental Study through Pyrolysis and Gasification

Rabi K Ahmad, Shaharin A Sulaiman, M Amin B A Majid, Suzana Yusuf, Sharul S Dol, Muddasser Inayat, Hadiza A Umar


Biomass-derived fuel is a promising candidate for future bioenergy, which will reduce CO2 emissions and reliance on fossil fuels. Physicochemical analysis, pyrolysis, and gasification processes were conducted to study the potential of coconut shell biomass. According to the findings, coconut shell biomass includes numerous important components, and the temperature affects both the characteristics of the charcoal, and the syngas composition. The lowest temperature generates the most charcoal (41.85%), whereas the highest temperature produces the most energy (32 MJ/kg). At the maximum temperature, a good gas composition was obtained (14.15% H2, 15.22% CO, 13.98% CO2, and 10.13% CH4 concentration, respectively).

Keywords: Biomass; Charcoal; Gasification; Pyrolysis; Syngas